Freedom of speech & expression in Taiwan         
                                                   
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The US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices , released at 3-3-2017
    
 The report also laid out concerns over Taiwanese media self-censorship with regard to China...

Paris-based <Reporters Sans Frontieres> (RSF, Reporters without Borders), 4-27-2017

         ●Taiwan's press freedom at 45th place ;  Taiwan’s situation as “media freedom on hold,” stating that “the main threat to media freedom comes from China, which has been exerting growing economic and political pressure on the Taiwanese media.”

        ● Local government officials are also directly interfering in the editorial policies of state-owned media

        ● RSF opened their first Asia bureau headquarters in Taipei in 2017.
     Top rankings :  19 Australia  18 portugal  17 Slovakia  16 Germany  15 Luxemburg  14 Ireland  13 New Zealand  12  Estonia  11 Austria 10 Iceland  9 Belgium 8 Jamaica  7  Swiss  6  Costa Rica  5 Nederland  4  Denmark  3  Finland   2 Sweden  1  Norway

Apple Daily, The China Times, United Daily News, The Liberty Times, Hong Kong ifeng (香港鳳凰網 ) , Hong Kong CRNTT  (中評社), Sina China, 7-27-2017, 7-28-2017   brief, details Facebook in Taiwan

Politicians and online personalities said they had been denied access to their Facebook accounts after writing criticisms of  Pan-Green coalition, the ruling political party DPP.   The leader of Chinese Nationalist Party think tank stated that the freedom of speech on Facebook Taiwan has retreated 50 years, and urged FB's Taiwanese users getting together to accuse Facebook, to tell the whole world about this deformed and illegal phenomenon -  free-expression terror on Facebook.   This issue has already been included in Wikipedia references.   Taiwanese government denied having sent political requests to Facebook.   Facebook Hong Kong & Taiwan office officially denied that they took sides or favored one of 2 major political parties or suppressed Taiwanese freedom of expression.

The US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices , released at 4-13-2016

     ◆ The Association of Taiwan Journalists condemned the journalists’ arrests, saying they infringed on freedom of the press, violated the journalists’ human rights, and were meant to deter media coverage of protests. /  three journalists were arrested while covering a student protest against proposed changes to curriculum guidelines for high school textbooks (see section 2.b.). The journalists were arrested for allegedly trespassing when they entered the Ministry of Education without a permit and joined a group of protesters who climbed over a fence and broke into Minister Wu Se-hwa’s office. The journalists, who denied the accusation, were released without charge the next day. afterward, the Ministry of Education dropped its complaint against the journalists.

     ◆  Censorship or Content Restrictions: Local academics and media activists alleged that self-censorship continued as some media chose to present news stories in favor of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) due to political considerations and the influence of local businesses with close ties to the PRC.

     ◆ concern about the impact of the increasing concentration of media ownership on freedom of the press.

The US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices , released at 4-13-2016

The Association of Taiwan Journalists condemned the journalists’ arrests, saying they infringed on freedom of the press, violated the journalists’ human rights, and were meant to deter media coverage of protests. /  three journalists were arrested while covering a student protest against proposed changes to curriculum guidelines for high school textbooks (see section 2.b.). The journalists were arrested for allegedly trespassing when they entered the Ministry of Education without a permit and joined a group of protesters who climbed over a fence and broke into Minister Wu Se-hwa’s office. The journalists, who denied the accusation, were released without charge the next day. afterward, the Ministry of Education dropped its complaint against the journalists.

 Censorship or Content Restrictions: Local academics and media activists alleged that self-censorship continued as some media chose to present news stories in favor of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) due to political considerations and the influence of local businesses with close ties to the PRC.

concern about the impact of the increasing concentration of media ownership on freedom of the press.

Paris-based <Reporters Sans Frontieres> (RSF, Reporters without Borders), 4-21-2016

Taiwan was ranked No. 51 (score 24.37 - worse than 24.83 on 2015's report) according to World Press Freedom Index 2016 released by Reporters Without Borders (RSF).   The main threat to media freedom comes from China, which has been exerting growing economic and political pressure on the Taiwanese media. The editorial line of some privately-owned media has changed radically and it is no longer rare to find media outlets taking a line similar to the Chinese Communist Party’s propaganda. Journalistic independence is also threatened by Taiwanese officials who interfere directly in the editorial policies of the state-owned media.
Top 5 :
1. Finland  8.59   2. Holland  8.76   3. Norway 8.79   4. Denmark   5. NZ USA is No.41 (Freedom ends where national security begins)  out of 180 countries,   Chn No.176  (Great Firewall and systematic imprisonment ) score 80.96 which is  -7.41 worse than 2015.


<Freedom House>, USA  ( a Washington-based think tank ),  4-27-2016

/ASIA-PACIFIC  Regional Rankings & Scores Taiwan's Global Rank  is No. 46 (No 44-46 same score),   No.7 in Asia Pacific, press freedom score is 26,  legal environment(0-30)scores 9,  political environment9(0-40),  economic environment 8(0-30)Top-score countries are Norway(No.1), Belgium,  Finland, Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, Andorra, Luxembourg, Switzerland , Liechtenstein, Iceland;  besides,  Canada no. 22,  US 30,   Germany 25,  UK 41,  NZ 26, Australia 33,  Japan 45.

Taiwan's freedom (Feb. 7, 2017) aggregate score 91(100: Most Free), same score as No.37~41countries Bahamas, Costa Rica, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, St Vincent & Grenadines, Taiwan is at position 42 in the table. 

The China Times, chief editorial ,  2-4-2017

Taiwan media's  major issues today are no longer media independency, but narrowly partisan politics and conflicts each other, too over populism without guidelines and directions, Ideology being stirred up to oppose to each other.(黨同伐異、民粹氾濫與煽動意識型態對立的課題)

The United Daily , Chief-editorial ,  2-6-2017

Those Taiwan's media lacking of self-discipline and  Political/media/TV pundits , Panelist lacking of expertise-knowledge actually became the major source of chaos.   In this "post-truth" age,  fake news are everywhere ......Taiwan's democracy and nomocracy (rule by law) are degraded day by day.

The US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2014, released at June 26, 2015

Speech freedom / protesters occupied the Executive Yuan. Police forcibly evicted them the next day using batons and water cannon. According to media reports, at least 174 persons, including 119 police officers, were injured in the incident.   Local media have reported incidents of police obstruction and violence directed at journalists who were covering protests against administration policies.  Local academics and media activists alleged that self-censorship continued as some media chose to present news stories in favor of the PRC due to political considerations and the influence of local businesses with close ties to the PRC.

<Freedom House>, USA  ( a Washington-based think tank ),  4-29-2015
 
 
Taiwan's press-freedom score from 24 (2014 report) down to 27, ranked no.48 ,  fell 1 place from last year's / Liberty Times , 4-30-2015 
the vigorous and diverse press reports aggressively on government policies and alleged official wrongdoings. 
But, political polarization, self-censorship, and indirect communist Chinese influence somewhat limit the diversity of opinions in mainstream media.  Journalists occasionally face pressure to self-censor on topics important to Red Chinese government.  Many Taiwanese media owners have business connection in China, or like to earn ads. revenue from mainland Chinese companies, making them wary of upsetting Beijing.  Besides, hackers attacked those media criticizing Chinese government, although the authority took investigation on that, Taiwan's press freedom score and ranking position fell.  (ps: Norway, Sweden, Belgium, Finland, Holland on top)
Websites commenting Taiwan judiciary and prosecutors (http://intlhumanrights.com/TaiwanJudiciary.htm  http://intlhumanrights.com/ProsecutorsTaiwan.htm ) can't be open in governmental institutions -  National Central Library ( test at 2-19-2016) and Taipei City Daan District Office (test at 3-14-2016)... but non-gov. places may see them.


London-based Amnesty International , 2-25-2015

 Amnesty expressed concerns about Taiwan’s handling of the student-led Sunflower movement protest against a trade deal with China in March last year.

 It said more than 200 protesters were summoned for questioning under the Criminal Code and Assembly and Parade Act (集會遊行法), and that they remained under threat of prosecution.

London-based Amnesty International , 2-11-2015

London-based AI expressed Taiwan must cancel the prosecution against Sunflower movement protest students, and urged Taiwan to modify  the Criminal Code and Assembly and Parade Act (集會遊行法) and related laws to meet international standard. / source: 大紀元2015年02月11日訊

Paris-based <Reporters Sans Frontieres> (RSF, Reporters without Borders), Feb. 13, 2015

Taiwan fell 1 place (2015's ranking: No. 51) from the ranking in 2014's report, according to World Press Freedom Index 2015 released yesterday by Reporters Without Borders (RSF).
Top 21 : Finland, Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, Sweden, NZ, Austria, Canada, Jamaica, Estonia, Ireland, Germany, Czech, Slovakia, Belgium, Costa Rica, Namibia, Poland, Luxembourg, Swiss, and Iceland.  Besides, Spain No. 33, UK No.34, France No. 38, USA No. 49, HK 70, Italia 73, Rus No. 152, China No.176

United Daily, Taiwan, 2-25-2016

according to a latest survey by "數位匯流", 78% think media monopoly problem in Taiwan is serious. 

The US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013, released at Feb. 27, 2014

Censorship or Content Restrictions:  Pressure from China and from local businessmen had led to some self-censorship.

 Local academics and media activists alleged that self-censorship occurred due to influence by local businesses and the PRC. They pointed to a study released in April by a National Taiwan University professor, which found two of Taiwan's leading newspapers published more favorable news stories on visiting PRC officials than their competitors. In addition, they alleged that the state-run Central News Agency decided not to publish a news story about a Gallup poll that found Taiwan people were pessimistic about their daily life.  (ps: speech and the press were generally free)

<Freedom House>, USA  ( a Washington-based think tank ),  May 2, 2014

Taiwan's media freedom declines again (BBC: for consecutive 3 years) -  Taiwan fell 1 places from the 2013's report. Taiwan has been ranked 48th in the world for media freedom and labeled "free" by the US-based NGO Freedom House.

Washington Post, 3.25.2014

State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf said Monday the U.S. supports Taiwan’s vibrant democracy, and hopes that its discussion over the trade agreement can be conducted “peacefully and civilly.” (Political protests in Taiwan are common, but violent confrontations relatively rare, reflecting the high level of civil discourse resulting from the transition from one-party dictatorship to robust democracy in the mid-1990s.  The United States has welcomed steps taken by China and Taiwan to reduce tensions.)

The International Federation of Journalists , 3.26.2014
        Journalists Obstructed as Police Use Force at Taiwan Student Demonstration

The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) joins its affiliate the Association of Taiwan Journalists (ATJ) in condemning the restraining of media reporting on a student-led demonstration in Taiwan which led to a violent confrontation between police and protestors earlier this week. This week, the ATJ issued a declaration on the infringement of coverage with calls for police education in the wake of the heavy-handed police response.

Paris-based <Reporters Sans Frontieres> (RSF, Reporters without Borders), Feb. 13, 2014

Taiwan’s ranking for press freedom fell three notches from last year to 50th.  Paris-based <Reporters Sans Frontieres> (RSF), a press freedom watchdog body

Feb. 13, 2014

 according to the World Press Freedom Index 2014 released yesterday by Reporters Without Borders (RSF).

The retreat in Taiwan’s global ranking reflected China’s growing economic clout, which has allowed Beijing to extend its influence over the media in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau, “which had been largely spared political censorship until recently,”

 

Finland retained the top position in the overall list, ahead of the Netherlands, Norway, Luxembourg and Andorra.

 

BBC, 5.1.2014

After a series of protests against TW government, Taiwan limits Taiwanese' freedom of speech on the net.   Taiwan policemen are trying to search an internet poster to scare many.  (details pls refer to BBC "台灣收緊網路言論自由" full text)

<國家通訊傳播委員會>(Taiwan NCC government, http://www.ncc.gov.tw ),  3.17.2014

According to NCC's latest annual report regarding Taiwan's media communication survey, the most complaints (about 37%") go to "untrue/unbiased content" (2014, 2013, 2012, 2011), among these, Taiwanese most complaints go to TV news report.

<Freedom House>, Washington D.C., USA  , the Freedom of the Press world survey report,   issued on May 1, 2013

With an overall score of 26 on the annual report’s zero to 100 scale, Taiwan dropped one score from 2012 as well as 2011.

Taiwan's ranking (No. 8) in Asia & Pacific slipped one spot from last year (No.7).

 

<Freedom House> 2013 report

May 1,  2013

 

In the Freedom of the Press world survey Washington-based watchdog organization Freedom House.

 The main reason Taiwan's freedom of press  falling one point from last year's 25 because of a worse legal environment, (Taiwanese government has put off approving a license for the establishment of a new television station whose owner's financial status turned out to be unsustainable, so must give up the plan  ). Political polarization, self-censorship and indirect Chinese influence limit the diversity of opinions represented in Taiwan’s mainstream media, according to a new report from the US-based watchdog Freedom House.  

 

 Freedom House, a Washington-based non-governmental organization that supports the expansion of freedom around the world. Taiwan was judged to have a “free” press with an overall “freedom score” of 26 points, just one point less free than the previous year.

<Freedom House>, Washington D.C., USA , issued on May 31 (US time), June 1, 2013 (eastern time)

Taiwan media reflect diverse perspectives and report sayings of government's corruption and government policies.  However, Taiwan media show a strong preference/bias on some political party, some candidates.

<Reporters Sans Frontieres> (RSF, Reporters without Borders), France, Jan 30, 2013

Taiwan ranked 47th in the world in terms of press freedom, Taiwan fell two places from the 2012 in the global rankings. the watchdog was concerned about the protests in Taiwan last year against the Want Want China Times Group’s (旺旺中時集團) bid to buy into another media group. Taiwan remained at the top in the region, ahead of South Korea in 50th place and Japan at 53rd.

<Amnesty International>, London, UK, 2013 report
      (
http://www.amnesty.org/en/region/taiwan/report-2013  )

Concentration of ownership of media outlets raised concerns about freedom of expression and editorial independence. In July, the National Communications Commission (NCC) conditionally approved Want Want China Times Group’s acquisition of a major cable television channel and, in November, acquisition of newspaper giant Next Media. In December, the Taipei High Administrative Court ruled that the NCC had the executive power to revoke the Group’s acquisition of another cable television channel because the channel had failed to meet the conditions set by the NCC.


<The Taiwan Foundation for Democracy (TFD ) > & SHU,  Dec. 10, 2013
2013 Survey shows a "F" score (rating 2.7/5.0points) on Taiwanese communication privacy and freedom.

<Freedom House> ( a Washington-based think tank & human rights organization ), USA, May 1, 2012

Taiwan was tied with Poland, Slovenia and Trinidad and Tobago for 47th in Freedom House's 2012 Freedom of the Press rankings, Among Asia-Pacific countries, Taiwan ranked seventh. Taiwan received a total score of 25 points, the same as in 2011.

Taiwan scored an 8 for its legal environment (1 point worse than last year's survey), a 9 for its political environment (no change), and an 8 for its economic environment (1 point better than last year).

 Other concerns include the use of criminal defamation laws against a journalist and blogger as well as a proposed merger that could reduce media diversity."   incidents of news content produced by China's state-run media outlets appearing in Taiwanese newspapers "under less than transparent conditions." ......

<Amnesty International>, London, UK, May 24, 2012

Taiwan's  Restrictions on freedom of assembly remained, with no progress made towards a relaxation of existing, stringent laws. The authorities did little to protect the housing rights of farmers across the island, at times colluding in their eviction.

<Reporters Sans Frontieres> (RSF, Reporters without Borders), France, Jan 25, 2012

 Taiwan's rank on Freedom of Press ( freedom of Information) : 45th.

ps: Taiwan declined - Taiwan ranked no. 36 in 2008.


 Press freedom Index : Finland No.1, Norway No.1

 New Zealand No.13,  Japan No. 22,  Australia No.30, South Korea No.44,
 Taiwan No.45, USA, No.47, HK No.54  US extra territorial No. 57,  China No.174

 

Apple Daily News, Jan. 26, 2012
Taiwan's rank in 2011 : No.47

<Taipei Times>, Dec. 11 2012
The Democratic Progressive Party: The erosion of human rights under KMT's  administration, in particular regarding the judiciary and media, has placed Taiwan’s proud democracy in jeopardy and requires attention from the international community, ... applying a three-part strategy to monopolize local media by first “paralyzing the public television system and controlling the Chinese Television System,” then following up with Want Want China Times Group’s (旺旺中時集團) “vertical integration of a cable television service and horizontal integration of its pending merger of the Next Media Group.”... Implementing the Assembly and Parade Act (集會遊行法) was the most glaring example of Ma’s noncompliance with the covenants,...  there were two major crises in Taiwan: first, people’s suffering from the sluggish economy; second, the backsliding of human rights and the re-emergence of authoritarianism.

<China Post>,  Dec. 11 2012
The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) chairman: Taiwan currently faces two major human rights crises: prosecutors that abuse their powers to persecute the people, and private interests that wield dangerous power over the media, Su said, pointing to China as one of the big players in the monopolization of Taiwan's media.
DPP's Policy Research Committee: a recent poll indicates that 62.3 % of Taiwanese are dissatisfied with the government's protection of human rights.

<Apple Daily>, Dec. 5, 2012
Taiwan's freedom of speech is in retreat, scholars worry about Taiwan's democracy doesn't work well ...  Acording to "2012 Taiwanese Human Rights index survey" (conducted by 中華人權協會), 17.9% Taiwanese think Taiwan's overall human rights in progress, 36% think it is in retreat, 76% Taiwanese don't satisfy Taiwan's economy human rights.

<Taipei Times>, Dec. 8, 2012

Public feels human rights deteriorating

DISSATISFACTION: Official corruption, the government’s inability to fill people’s needs and media independence were top public concerns, according to a survey of public opinion by the government-affiliated Taiwan Foundation for Democracy (conducted by Shih Hsin University),...
Corruption was the target of the greatest public dissatisfaction, scoring 1.9 points. It was followed by the government’s ability to respond to people’s needs, which garnered 2 points, and external interference in judicial rulings, at 2.1 points.

<Apple Daily>, Dec. 6, 2012 ,  <Sing Tao Daily> Dec. 5, 2012
Tsinghua University student Chen Wei-ting in the Legislative Yuan was impolite to Taiwan's Education Minister led to a controversy - Education Minister did not listen properly to the demands of the students so he deserve an impolite speech  VS. "the behavior of Chen led us to think of the Cultural Revolution in China, in which the red guards scolded society's elite."
We should focus on protestant students' main demand - the issue that Taiwan's government permitting the Next Media buyout, and Education Minister used the  extraordinarily sensitive phrase "care"( 「關心」or concern), which is overtones word that in the martial law era (戒嚴時期) garrison the headquarters interviews and intimidation of dissidents.  (警備總部約談並恐嚇異議人士時也是使用「關心」這個有弦外之音的語詞。)

<Central Radio Station>, Taiwan, Aug. 16, 2012.

ROC (Taiwan government) Foreign Ministry spokesman expressed the behavior of some Hong Kong citizens who carried the national flag of the Republic of China (Taiwan R.O.C.) as well as the flag of People's Republic of China and boarded the Diaoyu Islands (Diaoyutais 釣魚台/釣魚島) belongs to "the freedom of expression".    Japanese government has been insisting that Diaou islands ( Diaoyutais ) belongs to Japan and arrested those HK people .

  <the Liberty Times>, Taiwan, April 21, 2012

DDP said Taiwan's first human rights report released yesterday is full of empty boasts and obfuscations ... During DDP's administration, Taiwan's press freedom status went from 35th up to 32nd place, but in KMT time, Taiwan's press freedom status dropped from 42nd down to 48th place.


  <the China Times>, Taiwan, March 10, 2012

On Mar. 8, 2012, pig farmers across Taiwan voiced their opposition to the government's possible decision to relax import restrictions on beef containing ractopamine (Paylean drugs) with a protest rally  in front of the Legislative Yuan and the Council of Agriculture (Taiwanese government) , Taiwanese police arrested them for their violation of the Assembly and Parade Law, ...... they scolded this had a contempt for international human rights conventions.

2011 Human Rights reports <USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices> ,  issued on April 8, 2011

        Taiwan's  authorities increased their placement of advertisements packaged as news reports in local newspapers and television.

<Freedom House>, Washington D.C., USA  , the Freedom of the Press world survey report,   issued on May 2, 2011

With an overall score of 25 on the annual report’s zero to 100 scale, Taiwan dropped one spot to 48th from 2010.

Taiwan’s scores have declined three years in a row.

 

<Freedom House> 2011 report

May 2,  2011

 

In the Freedom of the Press world survey Washington-based watchdog organization Freedom House.

 Taiwan's press freedom in 2010 was ranked 47th among all nations, slipping three spots compared to 2009.

 Taiwan's rank : 2008 - 32nd , 2009 - 43rd , 2010 - 47th , 2011 - 48th

 
 Freedom House, a Washington-based non-governmental organization that supports the expansion of freedom around the world.

<Freedom House>, Washington D.C., USA, Jan. 21, 2012

     (1) complaints about unfair competition and concerns about Beijing's interference were present throughout the presidential election campaign.
     (2)
 some criminal law is kept and can be used for suing reporters and internet blog writers, may against Taiwan's press freedom.
     (3) Taiwan's overall rating remained the same as last year 2011 and the Washington-based group pro-democracy watchdog highlighted Taiwan's presidential elections in its Freedom. (Liberty Times head-page, Taipei Times, 1/21/2012)

<Amnesty International>, London, UK,  annual report The State of the World's Human Rights 2011, May 13, 2011

Taiwan was criticized over issues to do with the death penalty, freedom of expression (The report also criticized Taiwan's government for what it said was its failure to deliver on promises to amend the Assembly and Parade Act (集會遊行法) that limits citizens' rights to assembly and free speech.), justice and migrants' rights.


<the Christian Science Monitor >,  USA   -    Jan 3, 2011

For the past two years, Freedom House has downgraded Taiwan's rating in its annual report on global press freedom. Critics say it's common for government propaganda to masquerade as 'news.'

...many observers say that the glitter of the island republic’s free press has been overrated, especially in a highly commercialized news culture that is both deeply partisan and prey to political favors. For the past two years Freedom House has downgraded Taiwan’s rating in its annual report on global press freedom.

The placement of advertising as news is only the “tip of the iceberg,”

One example of creeping government influence is the media's minimization of criticism of government policies and exaggeration of its achievements, says Guang, who teaches journalism at National Chung Cheng University.......“Taiwan’s news media are not yet independent,” says Guang. “Can the public really accept this?”
 

  reported by Taiwan's most popular newspaper, Apply Daily, at Jan 5, 2011

< Reporters Without Borders > , Paris France ,    Oct. 21, 2010 

Press Freedom Index  (2010): Taiwan ranks No. 48,  other Asia & Pacific countries like New Zealand (No. 8), Japan(No. 11), Hong Kong(No. 34), South Korea(No. 42).

Top 5 are Finland, Iceland, Holland, Norway, and Sweden.   USA ranks No. 20, China No. 171.  

<Freedom House> - Washington D.C. , USA  -   2010  

Taiwan's press freedom declined ,... Taiwan ranked 43th last year,  47th in 2010...

<Freedom House> - Washington D.C. , USA  -   Jan. 13, 2011  

 the report rated Taiwan's freedom of the media  lower than the previous year, on the basis of a controversy surrounding the country's Public Television Service (PTS).

The heads of PTS were removed in last September amid concerns about the independence of publicly-funded media.

 Freedom House 2011 report

Jan 13, 2011

 Freedom House, a Washington-based non-governmental organization that supports the expansion of freedom around the world.

    <Apple daily news> , Taiwan,  head-page, Jan. 19, 2012

Four days after the election, the reporter of "Taiwan Times," Jiang W.S. (江文兟), was serious hurt by four masked man, resulting in his hands and left foot fracture.  His articles in newspaper favored DDP's candidate (邱議瑩) , instead of KMT's (鍾).

Reporters group and scholars condemned violence, and hope the police to clarify the case as soon as possible, otherwise will harm the freedom of the press, and will result in a retrogression of democracy.

<Reporters Without Borders > Paris, France,  Oct. 1, 2010

Reporters Without Borders believes that a democratic government should take pride in defending the state-owned media’s independence. Protecting their independence is essential in order to guarantee a really democratic political system, one that allows all political parties and all sectors of society to make their voices heard.

...We urge ... to ensure that PTS's (Taiwan's Public Television Service) editorial independence ...

                      

 



No.1  on Yahoo by keyword "Freedom of speech in Taiwan" in Chinese, test at 1.12.2015
No.1 on Google  Chinese keyword "freedom of speech(expression) in Taiwan" test at May 14, 2011Eastern time, No.2 at 1/11/2012


 


No.1 "Taiwan freedom of speech" on English Yahoo, at 1.7.2015, 10/10/2011;
No.1 " freedom of expression in Taiwan" on Google at Jan. 11, 2012, ranking No.2 on google at 1.11.2015 in

    <Taipei Times> , Taiwan,      May 1, 2010  

Taiwan's press freedom declines

SELF-CENSORSHIP Freedom House cited softening criticism of Ma and China after the China Times Group was bought by a businessman with interests in China

Press freedoms in Taiwan have declined for a second straight year, according to a new report released by a US-based non-profit watchdog.

..., a revival of ‘embedded marketing’ amidst economic difficulties resulting from the global financial crisis, actions by media owners and government influence over the editorial content of publicly owned outlets posed challenges for media independence during the year.”

... a controversy concerning board members at the Public Television Service (PTS) and personnel changes the government made at state-owned media that “have raised concerns that their aim is to influence the editorial content of the nonpartisan outlets.”

... 2009 that criticism of the government in the Central News Agency’s [CNA] coverage appeared to have been markedly toned down since the end of 2008, ...  deputy president and CNA staff reported receiving editorial ­directives to alter certain content,” the report said.

... Tsai Eng-meng (蔡衍明),... purchased the China Times Group...  softening criticism of the Ma administration, Beijing or improvements in cross-strait ties. This also raised concerns over the potential direct or indirect influence of the Chinese government on free expression in Taiwan,”...


    <Apple daily news> , Taiwan,   public editorial, Oct. 12, 2011,  "Protect our speech freedom!" by professor Cheng, NTU.

Some financial groups with huge money & political power are going to involve in mass media circle ...

<Freedom House/IFEX> - Washington -   September 27, 2010  

Freedom House expresses concern over public television integrity

... "We encourage Taiwan's policy makers to ensure that the PTS does not become a casualty of political conflict."

ps : Freedom House pointed out that Taiwan denied a visa to  Kadeer Rabiye Qadir, Uighur dissidents in Sept. 2009.

 


<Freedom House> - Washington  USA,    Sept. 27, 2010       http://www.freedomhouse.org 

Freedom House Expresses Concern over Public Television Integrity in Taiwan

Freedom House urges Taiwan to safeguard the integrity of the country's public broadcaster following the removal of its leadership.
On September 19, Taiwan’s Public Television Service Foundation, the entity that oversees the Public Television Service (PTS), took the unusual step of removing the station’s leadership, Sylvia Feng (President and CEO) and Chung Yu-yuan (Executive Vice President), just three months before their three-year terms were set to expire. The Public Broadcasting Foundation claimed that the firings were made on the basis of poor performance, an assertion that Feng and Chung reject and may challenge in court ...

 

<Reporters Without Borders > Paris, France,  2010    http://www.rsf.org    

   Taiwan's press freedom moved backward badly

   Press Freedom Index :  Taiwan ranks No. 59 in 2009 ( Japan 17th ), but ranked 36th in 2008.   Taiwan dropped 23 notches (now is behind the 57th position  Haiti).

★  <Apple daily News>, Taiwan    Oct. 8, 2010          http://www.appledaily.com

PTS( (Taiwan's Public Television Service) becomes the shame of Taiwan. (by Mr. Chen Bing-hong)

<Liberty times>, Taiwan  


    ◎  
April 30, 2010  

 Concerns over the potential direct or indirect influence of the Chinese government on free expression in Taiwan.

<Freedom House> also commented ERA News, Central News Agency (CNA) and Public Television Service (PTS) , in addition to the China times. (Also of note was the influence of owners over the editorial content of media they acquire. After Tsai Eng-Meng, a businessman with significant commercial interests in the PRC purchased the China Times Group in November 2008, a series of incidents in 2009—including Tsai’s own comments to the media—pointed to a subsequent change in editorial policy in the direction of softening criticism of the Ma administration, Beijing, or improvements in cross-strait ties. This also raised concerns over the potential direct or indirect influence of the Chinese government on free expression in Taiwan. ) 〔編譯張沛元、記者蘇永耀、趙靜瑜/綜合報導〕

   ◎   Sept. 27, 2010  

Main reason of Taiwan's press freedom going backwards is government placement marketing

KMT( Taiwan's Chinese Nationalist Party ) used one-party dominance and Legislative Yuan's (the national legislature) modification of the laws (The term of previous presidencies have not expired, so KMT can't force them to step down, hence they modified the law to change the number of board member from 11 to 21 ... ) to legally dominate the board member.

Taiwan's media accept government placement marketing for :
(1) Strong competition  ―   too many media in a small market.   Survival of the fittest ??
(2) A long term government-media culture in Taiwan.

Most Taiwanese trust news reports, so government uses this trust for publicity/propaganda/comm. 
Taiwan government should let Taiwanese people tell between news and placement marketing.   Officials can only purchase ads, not news reports.   Taiwan needs an independent,  diversified cultured, and high-quality environment.
Besides, media reporters don't have enough organized power to contend pressures from outside world or high ranking people.    [by
管中祥]

   ◎   July, 2010

Taiwan's parliament must take the responsibility to maintain Taiwan's image and quality of democracy and freedom  ―   they should full-scaled examine budget for government placement marketing .

 

Government takes 2 ways for placement marketing:

(1)  Threaten or tempt media by  payments for placement (like "embedded advertising").

(2)  even worse way is to place 'embedded ads'  in news reports, ordinary readers fail to tell truly news and partly "brainwashing" messages.

China's ads too . abstracts from reports by reporter Lin Jiaqi, Yi-Ching Chen / Taipei

   ◎   2010-7-8   

 

Latest report by < Freedom House > of USA (Washington D.C.) points out the Taiwan government placement ( 'embedded' ads ) in the media , and political forces involved in Central News Agency [CNA] and other issues.

A professor (Chung Cheng U.) commented a democratic country should not politically interfere with press freedom, ......,the function of CNA is to strengthen Taiwan's international publicity, instead of  domestic propaganda, none to mention using national resource to enhance political competitiveness.

The distinction between political forces and comm. media should not be confused.

Another professor (Normal U.) stated even state-level agency should not affect or interfere with the operation of the editorial department.   A scholar (Soochow U) criticized that the state agency should be "no color", its function is to provide world media with Taiwan's info. , instead of blocking messages or politically interfering with news reports.

Former leader of GIO stressed that media has the objectivity & neutrality, and should not become government's beautician, the CNA should safeguards national interests, and upholds the spirits & basic principles of the media.   〔extracts reports by Reporter Lin Jiaqi, Yi-Ching Chen / Taipei〕

   ◎  Mar. 18, 2010

Jane Yu Yan Hao  discovered municipal used  taxpayer money to  "pre-audit" news reports.

   ◎ 2010-7-8  Liberty times  

The national media being not neutral aroused controversies and disputes  ...   it (or the public media) must get rid of  ( to the max ) intervention from the government or the ruling party; Taiwan's moving to opposite direction has been caused international concerns.

 For financial independence, French government is hardly influential in AFP (Agence France-Presse).  BBC of UK and NHK of Japan are about the same.
 French "Supreme Audiovisual Council" (CSA, similar to Taiwan's NCC)
 maintains the minimum democratic fairness.
    蘇永耀/專訪    http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2010/new/jul/7/today-p4.htm

    <Taiwan News>  PRC invades Taiwan with 'embedded' ads      May 18, 2010   http://www.etaiwannews.com

The quality and sustainability of Taiwan's hard-won democracy is now being increasingly threatened by invasive "embedded advertising" and "censorship without borders" from the authoritarian People's Republic of China.

... One of the reasons cited by Freedom House for the erosion has been the use by the Ma administration of huge amounts of taxpayer funds to engage in "embedded advertising" or promotion or propaganda of government policies packaged as "news" stories or features.

... As a result of embedded marketing and the frequent use of "news" stories to engage in marketing by public as well as private sector interests, the credibility of the Taiwan news media has fallen to its lowest level since ...  July 1987.

.... However, an even greater threat to news freedom, freedom of expression and the credibility of our news media is ... PRC, ... is now actively exploiting the opportunity posed by "cross-strait reconciliation" to buy influence in print and broadcast media in Taiwan.

<Taiwan News >   Taiwan: How ECFA threatens Taiwan news freedom,   30 July 2010

Taiwan will face greater challenges in defending existing hard-won levels of news freedom in the wake of the signing of the controversial “Cross-Strait Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement” with the authoritarian ... China. ...  a new report ...  on the impact of ECFA on Taiwan warned that Taiwan’s government and citizens cannot ignore the “contradictions” between the broadcasting and news media systems of Taiwan and the PRC ...... http://www.etaiwannews.com/etn/news_content.php?id=1333042&lang=eng_news&cate_img=46.jpg&cate_rss=news_Editorial

<Reporters Without Borders>, Paris, France   2008 Dec 17   http://www.rsf.org

Public media independence threatened, despite government denials    
Reporters Without Borders urges President Ma Ying-jeou to keep his promises to us to respect public media independence.

<Reporters Without Borders>, Paris, France   Nov. 8, 2008  

More than 10 journalists injured during opposition protests against Chinese visit

Reporters Without Borders deplores the violence against journalists in Taipei in the course of protests against a visit by a Chinese government representative during the past few days.

At least 10 journalists were injured during protests on 6 November by supporters of the opposition Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) against the meeting in Taipei between President Ma Ying-jeou and Chen Yunlin,

<Amnesty International>    2008        http://www.amnesty.org

Freedom of Expression problem : The Assembly and Parade Law

the Assembly and Parade Law requires police permission to hold a public demonstration and is used to suppress protests

<Freedom House> - Washington -   Nov. 20, 2008       http://www.freedomhouse.org 

Freedom House Calls for Inquiry into Taiwan Clashes

Freedom House urges Taiwan's government to create an independent commission to thoroughly investigate clashes between police and activists protesting Chinese envoy Chen Yunlin's historic visit and recommend needed reforms. ... The clashes reveal a need for police to undergo crowd control training that adheres to the standards used in other democracies. Likewise, demonstrators and political advocacy groups must recommit themselves to orderly protests that avoid violence under any circumstances.

 

 

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Some comments above are direct translation of extracts/abstract from reports of  Taiwan's major news, for precise meaning pls refer to Chinese language version

Extract of  GIO's  reply letter to Reporters Without Borders“The Government Information Office states that the spirit of the Public Television Act is to protect the neutrality and objectivity of the media, and that the purpose of its provisions is to reduce government intervention to the minimum by respecting the independence of its board. Respecting the principles of the Public Television Act, the GIO never strayed from its position of respect for its spirit of independence and autonomy. It never intervened in matters of personnel, programme choice or programme content. Ms. Feng’s statements are at variance with reality.